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عنوان مقاله:مدارک و شواهد برای Gammacerane به عنوان شاخص ستون آب بندی
ناشر: [ Elsevier BV ]
ژورنال
دوره (شماره):59 (9)
سال انتشار:May 1995
شماره صفحات: 189519001895-1900
نشانگر دیجیتالی شیء:[ 10.1016/0016-7037(95)00073-9 ]
شما اینجا هستید:
  1. Scipers, the Knowledge ClubScipers »
  2. Elsevier BV »
  3. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta »
  4. Evidence for gammacerane as an indicator of water column stratification

report iconنمايش خلاصه مقاله

Evidence For Gammacerane As An Indicator Of Water Column Stratification


مقاله: مدارک و شواهد برای gammacerane به عنوان شاخص ستون آب بندی

نويسند‌گان:


خلاصه مقاله:


A new route for the formation of gammacerane from tetrahymanol is proposed; in addition to dehydration and hydrogenation, sulphurisation and early CS cleavage are shown to be important in the pathway of formation, especially in marine sediments. Evidence is twofold. First, relatively large amounts of the gammacerane skeleton are sequestered in S-rich macromolecular aggregates formed by natural sulphurisation of functionalised lipids. Selective cleavage of polysulphide linkages with MeLi/MeI led to formation of 3-methylthiogammacerane, indicating that the gammacerane skeleton is primarily bound via sulphur at position 3, consistent with the idea that tetrahymanol (or the corresponding ketone) is the precursor for gammacerane. Second, upon mild artificial maturation of two sediments using hydrous pyrolysis, gammacerane is released from S-rich macromolecular aggregates by cleavage of the relatively weak CS bonds.The stable carbon isotopic compositions of gammacerane and lipids derived from primary producers and green sulphur bacteria in both the Miocene Gessoso-solfifera and Upper Jurassic Allgäu Formations indicate that gammacerane is derived from bacterivorous ciliates which were partially feeding on green sulphur bacteria. This demonstrates that anaerobic ciliates living at or below the chemocline are important sources for gammacerane, consistent with the fact that ciliates only biosynthesize tetrahymanol if their diet is deprived of sterols. This leads to the conclusion that gammacerane is an indicator for water column stratification, which solves two current enigmas in gammacerane geochemistry. Firstly, it explains why gammacerane is often found in sediments deposited under hypersaline conditions but is not necessarily restricted to this type of deposits. Secondly, it explains why lacustrine deposits may contain abundant gammacerane since most lakes in the temperate climatic zones are stratified during summer.


مسیر جدید برای تشکیل gammacerane از tetrahymanol ارائه شده است. علاوه بر از دست دادن آب و تبدیل به هیدروژن، sulphurisation و اوایل رخ CS ها نشان داده می شود در مسیر شکل گیری مهم است، به خصوص در رسوبات دریایی. مدارک و شواهد دو قسم است. اول، مقدار نسبتا زیادی از اسکلت gammacerane در دانه های ماکرومولکولی غنی-S تشکیل شده توسط sulphurisation طبیعی چربی functionalised منزوی می شوند. برش های انتخابی از ارتباط سولفید مرکب از چند اتم گوگرددر ذره خود را با ملی / مه منجر به شکل گیری 3-methylthiogammacerane، نشان می دهد که اسکلت gammacerane است در درجه اول از طریق گوگرد در موقعیت 3، سازگار با این ایده که tetrahymanol (یا کتون مربوطه) پیشرو برای gammacerane است محدود شده است. دوم، بر بلوغ مصنوعی خفیف دو رسوبات با استفاده از تجزیه در اثر حرارت آبدار، gammacerane از دانه های S-غنی ماکرومولکولی برش از نسبتا ضعیف CS bonds.The ترکیبات ایزوتوپی کربن پایدار gammacerane و چربی به دست آمده از تولید کنندگان عمده و باکتری گوگرد سبز منتشر شد در هر دو میوسن Gessoso-solfifera و بالا ژوراسیک Allgäu سازند نشان می دهد که gammacerane از مژه داران bacterivorous که تا حدی تغذیه شدند در باکتری سولفور سبز مشتق شده است. این نشان می دهد که مژه داران بی هوازی زندگی در و یا زیر chemocline منابع مهم برای gammacerane، سازگار با این واقعیت است که مژه داران تنها biosynthesize tetrahymanol اگر رژیم غذایی خود را از استرول محروم هستند. این امر منجر به این نتیجه رسیدند که gammacerane یک شاخص برای طبقه بندی ستون آب، که دو معماهای کنونی در ژئوشیمی gammacerane حل است. در مرحله اول، توضیح میدهد که چرا gammacerane است که اغلب در رسوبات تحت شرایط hypersaline یافت میشود، اما لزوما به این نوع از سپرده محدود نمی شود. دوم، آن را توضیح می دهد که چرا سپرده دریاچه ممکن است gammacerane فراوان از آنجا که بیشتر شامل دریاچه ها در مناطق آب و هوایی معتدل در طول تابستان طبقه.


كلمات كليدي:




موضوعات:

Geochemistry and Petrology



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